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Public Charge │ 새로운 공적 부담 규정



English

 

Public Charge Inadmissability Rule
What You Need to Know

 

In United States immigration law, certain non-citizen immigrants applying for a visa, admission to the U.S. or adjustment of status can be denied if they’re determined to become a “public charge” - a “burden” on the U.S. government. The law does not define “public charge”, but the Public Charge Inadmissability rule is used by the U.S. Deptartment of Homeland Security (DHS) to evaluate individual cases of immigrants. On August 14, 2019, DHS announced new changes to their Public Charge rule that expands their definition of “public charge” and may negatively affect the immigration status of hundreds of thousands of U.S. immigrants using public benefits.

 

How Is “Public Charge” Defined?

 

According to the new rule, a non-citizen immigrant who is likely at any time to receive or use one or more public benefits may be determined as a “public charge” and have their case denied by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, an agency under DHS. This means:

~A non-citizen who receives one or more certain public benefits for more than 12 months in the aggregate total within any 36-month period
~A non-citizen using multiple certain public benefits for less than 12 months may qualify as use for “more than 12 months”

 

Who May Be Affected?

 

~Non-citizen immigrants applying for adjustment of status, such as Lawful Permanent Residency (i.e. Green Card)

~Non-citizens applying for:
          ~Tourist visas
          ~Other non-immigrant visas
          ~Visa extensions or change of status

~Lawful Permanent Residents who were outside of the U.S. for more than six months and seeking “admission” back into the country

 

Who Will NOT Be Affected?

 

~Lawful Permanent Residents who are renewing their Green Cards

~Lawful Permanent Residents who are applying for U.S. citizenship

~Humanitarian-based immigration programs:
          ~Refugees
          ~Asylees
          ~U/T Visas (Survivors of human trafficking and other crimes)
          ~VAWA (Violence Against Women Act)
          ~SIJS (Special Immigrant Juveniles)
          ~TPS (Temporary Protected Status)
          ~Other Specific Statuses

 

Which Public Benefits Will Be Considered?

 

~Any Federal, State, local, or tribal cash assistance for income
          ~SSI (Social Security Income)
          ~TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families)
~SNAP benefits (Food Stamps)
~Section 8 Housing Assistance (Housing Vouchers)
~Section 8 Project-Based Rental Assistance
~Medicaid
          ~Non-citizen immigrants who are aged 21 or under, who are pregnant, and/or receive emergency Medicaid, Medicaid provided under IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) or certain school-based Medicaid will NOT have their coverage considered under Public Charge.

 

When Will The Rule Start?

 

The new Public Charge rule will start on October 15, 2019. DHS will apply the new Public Charge rule only to applications and petitions postmarked (or submitted digitally) on or after the effective date of October 15, 2019.

DHS will not consider the enrollment of public benefits that were excluded from consideration under the 1999 Interim Field Guidance (e.g. SNAP, Section 8 Housing Vouchers) if the benefit(s) were received before the effective date of October 15, 2019.

 

What Does This Mean?

 

~Only applications for visa, admission or adjustment of status on or after October 15, 2019 will be considered under the new rule.

~Any public benefits enrolled and received before October 15, 2019 will NOT be considered under the new Public Charge rule, even if your application is after October 15, 2019.

 

What Should I Do Now?

 

1. Check if the new Public Charge rule applies to you.

 

Speak to an attorney to determine if you may be impacted by the new Public Charge rule. Call 311 and say “Public Charge” for free and trusted resources for New York City residents. Call the MinKwon Center at 718-460-5600 to be connected to our immigration staff attorneys who will assist you in Korean and English. Do NOT disenroll in any public benefits without speaking to an attorney first.

 

2. Educate and support your community.

 

Share this brochure to your family and loved ones, and do not share unverified information. Immigrant rights advocates will be challenging the new Public Charge rule in court, and it’s possible that the rule will be delayed or even overturned. Call the MinKwon Center for the latest updates.

 

 

한국어

 

새로운 공적 부담 규정

 

현행 법률은 비자, 입국, 신분 변경 신청을 한 외국인이 언제든 공적 부담의 대상자가 될 것으로 간주되면 승인을 하지 않도록 되어 있습니다. 법률은 「공적 부담」의 명확한 정의를 명시하지 않습니다. 영사관과 이민국 직원이 「언제든 공적 부담이 될 것으로 간주되는」 여부를 판별할 때는 반드시 외국인의 나이, 건강, 가족, 자산, 재원과 재정 상태, 교육과 기술 보유 등을 최소한으로 고려해야 합니다.

이 규정은 국토 안보부가 누군가가 언제든 공적 부담이 될 것으로 간주되는 것을 판별하는 기준을 설명합니다. 법률은 아니며 정부 기관의 규정입니다.

 

새로운 규정은 무엇인가요? 새 규정하에「공적부담」으로 간주되는 사람은 누구인가요?

 

~언제든지 하나 또는 그 이상의 복지 혜택을 이용하거나 받을 가능성이 있는 사람

~36 개월 이내에 총 12 개월 이상 지정된 공공 혜택을 하나 이상 수령 한 사람

~12 개월 미만 동안 여러 가지의 지정된 공공 혜택을 이용하면「12 개월 이상」이용 한 것으로 간주될 수 있습니다.

 

누구에게 해당되나요?

 

~신분 변경 (비이민 범주 = 영주권) 신청인

~관광 비자, 기타 비이민 비자, 비자 연장 또는 신분 변경 신청인

~미국을 6개월 이상 떠나 있다가 미국에 되돌아 오고자「들어오려는」사람

 

누구에게 해당하지 않나요?

 

~영주권을 갱신하는 영주권자

~시민권을 신청하는 영주권자

~인도주의에 기반한 이민 프로그램
          ~난민
          ~망명인
          ~U/T 비자
          ~VAWA 여성 대상 폭력 방지 법
          ~SIJS 특정 서류미비 아동/청소년
          ~합법 신분 제공 법
          ~TPS 특별 임시 체류 신분
          ~기타 특별 신분 종류

 

새로운 규정은 어떤 공공 혜택이 이민자에게 불리하게 고려되나요?

 

~소득 유지를 위한 연방, 주, 지역 정부 또는 집단의 현금 지원
          ~SSI 현금보조
          ~TANF 임시 가정 지원
~SNAP 푸드 스탬프
~섹션 8 주택 선택 바우처 프로그램에 의거한 지원
~섹션 8 공공 주택 계획 임대 프로그램
~메디케이드
          ~예외: 21세 이하와 임산부, 응급 메디케이드, IDEA(장애인 교육 법)에 의거한 메디케이드, 특정 학교 연관 메디케이드 또는 혜택

 

유효 날짜

 

~이 규정은 2019년 10월 15일부터 시행될 예정입니다. 국토 안보부는 최종 규칙의 발효일 또는 그 이후의 우체국 소인이 찍힌 (또는 해당되는 경우 전자 라인으로 제출한) 신청 및 청원에만 공적부담 최종 규정을 적용합니다.

~국토 안보부는 1999년 ‘임시 현장 지침’에 따라  최종 규정 발표일 이전에 수령한 복지 혜택 (예 : 푸드 스탬프, 섹션 8 주택 바우처)의 수령은 고려 대상에서 제외합니다.

 

무슨 뜻인가요?

 

~오직 10월 15일 또는 그 이후의 신청인만 새 규정에 따른 고려 대상입니다.

~또한 과거 규정하에 10월 15일 이전에 수령한 어떠한 혜택도 계산되지 않습니다. 설혹 10월 15일 이후에 신청을 해도 10월 15일 이전에 수령한 혜택은 날짜 계산에 포함되지 않습니다.

 

어떻게 대비해야 하는가요?

 

1. 이 규정이 여러분에게 적용되는지 확인하세요.

 

여러분이 새 공적 부담 규정에 영향을 받을지의 여부를 확인하려면 변호사와 상담하세요. 뉴욕시 주민들을 위한 신뢰할만한 무료 문의처를 찾으려면 뉴욕시 정부 대표전화 311에 전화하여「Public Charge」라고 말하세요. 민권센터에 전화하시면(718-460-5600) 이민 변호사가 한국어와 영어로 상담을 제공합니다. 변호사와 상담하기 전에 공공 혜택 수령을 중단하지는 마세요.

 

2. 교육하고 도움을 제공하세요!

 

이 안내 전단을 여러분의 가족 및 지인들과 공유하고 미확인 정보는 나누지 마세요. 이민자 권익옹호 단체들이 새 공적 부담 규정에 반대하는 활동과 법률 소송을 전개할 예정이며 실행이 연기되거나 무효화될 수도 있습니다. 민권센터에 연락하여 진행 상황을 확인하세요.

 

Our Response to Public Charge

 
The MinKwon Center for Community Action strongly condemns the new Public Charge rules officially published today by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
 
The new rules are further evidence that Trump and his administration are not against the process of how some immigrants arrived to this country, but are against all immigrants. We must not only fight back against the White supremacist rhetoric that continues to lead to horrific violence, but also protect our communities from institutional forms of discrimination through inhumane policies like these targeting immigrants who are low-income, limited English proficient, elderly, have disabilities or other health or access needs, which broadly and disproportionately impacts communities of color.
 
Asian Americans will be significantly impacted by the new rules. More green cards are issued to Asian countries than any other region in the world. Furthermore, for the working-age population, Asian American New Yorkers have had the highest rate of poverty since 2007.

 

Rules are Not Yet in Effect. Although the new Public Charge rules are scheduled to start October 15, there are lawsuits and legislative proposals being introduced to delay or stop the implementation of the new rule, which would affect the planned start date.

 

Get Informed. Most benefits are not included in the new Public Charge rules, and many people will not be impacted. The rule also only affects applicants for admission or adjustment of status, and therefore will not impact most green card holders, naturalized citizens, or their family members. Before making any decisions on needed benefits, especially before disenrolling, learn more about how the new rules may impact you, your family members, or loved ones.

 

Use Free and Trusted Resources. Free legal advice is available in various languages. Call 311 and say “Public Charge” to be connected to trusted and verified advice and legal counsel with ActionNYC and the NY State Office of New Americans. Korean language speakers can also contact the MinKwon Center directly at 718-460-5600. To avoid scammers giving false information to immigrants, we recommend using the trusted and free resources above.

 

New information will continue to emerge on the Public Charge rules and the implementation date may potentially be changed. We support the lawsuits against DHS that will be filed by legal organizations and state officials, legislative efforts to pass the Reuniting Families Act and prohibit federal funds for Public Charge, and the necessary outreach and education to inform our neighbors about Public Charge and mobilize them to action.